standing in the standard anatomical position, the space just before an animal into which it would move forward.
relatively toward anterior or seen partly from in front
90 degree to the sagittal plane. latero-medial-lateral
standing in the standard anatomical position, the space just below an animal or in that direction
from nose to tail
the center sagittal plane that divides the body into two halves, left and right mirrored images.
standing in the standard anatomical position, the space just behind an animal from which it would move forward
any dorsoventral plane parallel to the median plane
transverse or horizontal plane
a plane through an animal parallel with level ground
farther. relative distance from the medial plane, usually in reference to limbs
epiaxial division of body served by “dorsal” roots of spinal nerves
in vertebrates, one of two divisions of the axial body. It is the zone from costal tubercles medially to the summits of vertebral spinous processes
muscles must have at least two attachment site in order to funciton. When one of those sites crosses from skeletal subsystem to subsystem, the muscle is “extrinsic” For example, the proximal attachment of latissimus dorsi in the horse is the axial skeleton, its distal attachment is the pectoral skeleton
in vertebrats, one of two divisions of the axial body from costal tubercles to the sternal structure. In the equine Standard Anatomical Position, it refers to the lower rib elements and sternal anatomy
muscles must have at least two attachment sites in order to function. When all of those sites are with a single skeletal function, they are intrinsic. Biceps brachii attachments span from scapula to radius, both elements of the pectoral subsystem